Rani Gaidinliu in Hindi: Know about Rani Gaidinliu, who was called ‘Rani Laxmibai of Nagaland’ – rani gaidinliu contribution and biography in hindi
Rani Gaidinliu was born on 26 January 1915 in Nungkao village of Tamenglong district of Manipur. Many people also know this village by the name Luang O. His education was done according to Indian tradition. It is said that she belonged to the Naga tribe, which comes in Zeliangrang. In 1930, at the age of 13, Queen Gaidinliu jumped into the fight for independence. She joined the Heraka movement with her brothers Kosin and Hypou Jadonang. The goal of this movement was to re-establish the Naga Raj in the region and to drive the British out of their soil.
According to The Better India Book, the torch and burning of the earlier movement, the British arrested Jadonang and he was hanged in Imphal on August 29, 1921. After the death of Jadonang, the reins of the movement fell into the hands of the queen. Gaidinliu wanted to protect his culture, language, his soil at all costs. The British were forcibly converting the tribes and imposing their lifestyle on them.
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Started guerrilla war by uniting people
Gaidinliu also took the initiative to make the people of his society aware of Gandhian ideology. In the words of Gaidinliu, “To lose religion is to lose one’s culture, to lose one’s culture is to lose one’s identity.” He started uniting the people of Zeliangrang clan against the inhuman tax and rules imposed by the British government. People refused to pay any kind of tax. After this, at the age of 17, he started a guerrilla war against the British. On March 18, 1932, about 50-60 people attacked the British soldiers from Hangrum village. However, spears and arrows and bows became weak in front of the gun. After this war, Gaidinliu went underground. The British started the search for Queen Gaidinliu to avenge this attack. The British government was already troubled by the popularity of Gaidinliu and the guerrilla war was a slap in his face.
The British government sent Captain McDonald of the Assam Rifles to capture Gaidinliu. The Captain receives a tip that Gaidinliu and his companions are hiding in the village of Pulomi. After this the British attacked the village and on October 17, 1932, Gaidinliu was arrested. From here Gaidinliu was taken to Kohima then to Imphal. Here he was sentenced to life imprisonment on charges of murder, conspiracy to murder. At the same time, most of his comrades were either sentenced to death or were thrown in jail.
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remained in jail till the independence of Bharati
Rani Gaidinliu was kept in prison from 1933 to 1947, until India gained independence. He served in Guwahati, Shillong, Aizawl, Tura jails. The flame of the Heraka movement was also extinguished after his arrest and the death of his comrades. When India became independent after being in jail for 14 years, then Queen Gaidinliu also got freedom. Till the year 1952, she lived with her younger brother, Marang in Vimrap village of Tuensang. In 1952 he was allowed to return to his village.
continued to serve the people even after independence
After her release from prison, Queen Gaidinliu continued to work for her people. In independent India, Rani was against the Naga National Council. This council was demanding a separate country for the Nagas and wanted to separate from India. Queen Gaidinliu demanded a separate Zeliangrang area in India itself. The Naga leaders opposed Rani’s demand and were forced to go underground again in the 1960s. In 1965, nine Naga leaders were killed by Rani’s supporters and Rani once again came into the limelight. In 1966, after talks with the Indian government, Rani decided to leave the path of non-violence.
Rani Gaidinliu was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1982. Rani died on February 17, 1993. The Government of India issued a stamp in his honor in 1996, a coin in 2015.
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